|Immigrant Status||SNAP||EAEDC Cash Assistance||TAFDC Cash Assistance||Supplemental Security Income (SSI)|
|U.S. citizens (born in the United States or naturalized) and Native Americans||Eligible||Eligible||Eligible||Eligible|
|Refugee, asylee, Cuban/ Haitian entrant, person granted withholding of deportation or removal, Amerasian immigrant, and Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrant Visa holders ( this list is referred to elsewhere in this chart as “refugee group”)||Eligible||Eligible||Eligible||
Eligible for 7 years from date of “entry” into status. Eligible indefinitely if:
|Lawful permanent resident (LPR) and parolee* (if granted parole for at least one year) *Except for Afghan evacuees paroled into the United States between July 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022 (+ some family members paroled after Sept. 30, 2022), who are considered refugees and do not have a waiting period.||
Eligible if immigrant:
|Victim of Trafficking in persons||Eligible||Eligible||Eligible||Same as refugee group|
|*In this context "qualified immigrant" means (1) lawful permanent resident, (2) parolee for at least one year, (3) refugee group, or (4) battered noncitizen.|
|Battered noncitizens, and their children/parents (including Violence Against Women Act self-petitioners, family petitioners, and lawful permanent residents who have been abused)||
|Lawfully residing Veteran, active-duty service member, spouse, & dependent children||· Eligible if a qualified
|Eligible||Eligible||Eligible if a qualified immigrant*|
|Immigrant permanently residing in U.S. under color of law (PRUCOL)^||No (unless also a battered noncitizen, Cuban/Haitian entrant).||Eligible||No (unless also a battered noncitizen, Cuban/Haitian entrant, or veteran in lawful status).||Not eligible
(unless receiving SSI or application pending on 8/22/96).
|Non-immigrant (tourist, student)||No||No||No||No|
|Undocumented/out of status||No||No||No||No|
Under federal law, all non-citizens regardless of immigration status are eligible for the following:
- Federally funded National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP) and other child nutrition programs, Head Start programs.
- Women, Infant and Children (WIC) program for pregnant and breastfeeding women, infants and children under age 5.
- Meals on Wheels and other elder nutrition programs.
- Other non-means-tested food provided at the community level, such as TEFAP and MEFAP funding for food pantries, food provided at homeless shelters, child protection services, and
domestic violence, mental health, and substance abuse treatment programs.
^ PRUCOL: Refers to immigrants who are considered “permanently residing in the United States under color of law.” Immigrants are often considered PRUCOL under certain programs if they are known to the USCIS and the USCIS does not presently contemplate enforcing their departure. PRUCOL is not an immigration status and will not appear as a term on any immigration documents.
PRUCOL immigrants often have employment authorization (EAD) or some other proof of granted immigration status or a pending status. Examples of immigrants who are considered PRUCOL include - but are not limited to - persons granted or with an application pending for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) or Deferred Action status, under Order of Supervision, with a pending application for Legal Permanent Residency, Asylum applicants, U Visa recipients and applicants (victims of violence) and others.